|Want to be an editor? Request an account by joining the Mizuumi Discord and follow the instructions in the welcome message.|
Beat Edge is the game's name for the cancel system found in MBTL. It's the reason you are able to cancel from A to B to C on hit or block without waiting for the previous move to fully recover. Some players may refer to these as "Gatlings." The Beat Edge system can go in any direction, which enables what's known as a Reverse Beat.
Reverse Beats are one of the main features of Melty Blood. The game's normal to normal cancel routes allow for buttons to be pressed in any order as long as they have not been used before in a string. This means strings that are not possible in other games such as A > C > B and C > B > A are possible. The most common usage of Reverse Beat is to space your character so that Reverse Beating from a C normal to an A normal will whiff, giving much better frame advantage than letting the C normal recover on its own.
Rapid Beat is a new addition to Type Lumina. Pressing any button twice (and 2X~2X for most crouching normals) will begin your character's Rapid Beat string. Pressing any button a third time will result in a Launcher, easily starting an air combo. Rapid Beat 2 normals will vary between characters, but Rapid Beat 3 normals are almost always the respective character's 3C. A normals can be chained into themselves three times before transitioning into a Rapid Beat, and standing A normals require holding back to stop the transition. Rapid Beat normals come with the disadvantage of not being able to Reverse Beat, and will commonly come out if you attempt to Reverse Beat into a normal you've already used in a string. Make sure to pay attention to what normals you've used and this won't become an issue.
Players can select their Rapid Beat input method on the character select screen while selecting their character color, with 4 different options:
- On, working as described above.
- On, but with Rapid Beat 2 performed by pressing A+B on the ground and any A/B/C press performing Rapid Beat 3 afterwards, and off in the air. Allows 5C~4C moves to be input as 5C~5C.
- Off, preventing the usage of Rapid Beat 2 entirely. Also allows 5C~4C moves to be input as 5C~5C.
- Off, but only in the air.
Fatal Counters are stronger counterhits, granting additional frame advantage and increasing the damage of the resulting combo. The most common way to get a Fatal Counter is to hit someone out of the startup of their air normal. Air Fatal Counters are completely untechable until the character hits the floor, allowing for easy combo pickups. The second most common way to get a Fatal Counter is to hit someone out of a Shield. Lows Fatal Counter against Stand Shield, Highs Fatal Counter against Crouch Shield, and Throws Fatal Counter against both. Fatal Counter Throws aren't very useful to characters that don't get combos from throws, but characters that do often get longer combos as a result.
Same Move Proration (SMP)
Same move proration applies when the same move is used more than once in the same combo. If done, the time it takes for the opponent to tech will drastically shorten, and additional damage scaling will apply, resulting in shorter and less damaging combos. SMP applies to moves that whiff in combos as well. Blowback edge (aka held) moves count as the same move as the uncharged versions - for example, j.[C] applies SMP to j.C if done in the same combo.
Launcher Limit/Jump Cancel Limit
You can only use one Launcher per combo, and trying to use more than one will result in standard hitstun with no cutscene, autojump, or additional untech time. This applies even if you attempt to use different launches, for example starting a combo with Arcueid's 3C or Shield Counter and ending with 4BC won't result in a second launch, in these situations you should use an EX or Jump Cancel into an airthrow to secure your knockdown.
In MBTL, grounded Jump Cancels are a resource. Everyone gets one grounded Jump Cancel, regardless of whether it was used on a normal, a jump cancelable special, or a grounded Moon Skill. If you try to Jump Cancel another normal or special after the first, it won't work. In these situations you should use an EX or Launcher into an airthrow to secure your knockdown. These restrictions to Jump Cancels to not apply to moves in the air, such as Moon Skills that leave you airborne or jump cancellable air normals.
Launcher attacks are very unique in terms of what they provide your character. You can easily tell if an attack is a launcher because the camera will zoom in on your character with an accompanying cut-in. Launchers are technically hitgrabs, as the cinematic puts the opponent in the same place every time. If you have not used a launcher in your combo before, you will get the cinematic as well as an automatic jump cancel. If you have used a Launcher in your combo, the move will not re-center your opponent or play the cinematic. Every character has at least three Launchers: 3C, Rapid Beat 3, and Shield Counter A. Some characters like Shiki and Saber also have supers that Launch, but the same rules still apply.
Attacks with the Blowback Edge property can hold the attack button they're mapped to in order to change their properties. Most commonly, this means the move is slower but gains increased damage and hitstun. Some attacks also change how they have to be guarded, as Shiki's fully charged 5[C] becomes unblockable and has to be Shielded high. Using these early in a combo can open up the combo routes your character can do. Using these later in combos is a lot harder, as the longer startup means it's more likely the combo will drop.
Attacks with Invincibility (often shortened to Invul for Invulnerability) either have reduced hurtboxes in specific areas or no hurtboxes at all. Typically, if an attack is notated as a reversal, then that attack has invincibility from the first frame of the move. Moves that low crush typically have no hurtbox around the foot area of the character, allowing them to go over most low attacks. Moves that low profile have frames that do the opposite and have reduced hurtboxes around the head and chest.
Armored moves behave similarly to clashes but the armored character will still take damage and hitstun from any move that connects while they are armored. Examples of armor can be found in Kouma's command grabs or Miyako's charged rush punches. Note that if the damage you take while armored exceeds your remaining life total, you will still be KO'd.
Every Special Move in the game will deal a small amount of Chip Damage if blocked. This damage is unavoidable unless the attack is shielded, but then your character isn't blocking anymore. Chip Damage cannot KO a character under any circumstance. Normals typically do not deal Chip Damage, however there are exceptions.
Clash is a mechanic in which, rather than hitting or being blocked, a move instead gets cancelled out by another move. When a clash occurs, the screen freezes momentarily with a huge visual and sound effect, allowing players to recognize the situation. Upon being neutralized during a clash, moves can be cancelled similarly to when they're hit or blocked, with the notable exception that all normal attacks become jump cancellable. Knowing what to cancel into after a clash in order to come out on top can give savvy players a major advantage. Heat, Arc Drives, and Last Arc cannot clash.
Clash lasts for a total of 25 frames. However, when a 3C attack clashes with an air attack, the aerial opponent remains stuck in the clash for 3 additional frames, giving advantage to the 3C user.
There are slight differences between various types of clash situations:
Normal Clash Frames — Clashes during startup frames of a charged normal move.
- Clashes only with normals or specials, not Moon Skills or EX moves
- Invincible moves are exempt
In Type Lumina, most charged normals (e.g. 5[C], j.[C]) have what are called 'clash frames'; that is, frames of startup during which most attacker's moves will simply clash, letting you avoid being Counter Hit. Functionally, this serves a similar purpose to armour: protecting you during the startup of slow attacks. Notably, invulnerable moves (including Shield Counters), EX moves, and Moon Skills will never clash with normal clash frames; if your opponent tries to clash through them, they'll just get hit instead.
Normals with clash frames are very strong, but there are ways around them. If your move is neutralized by normal clash frames, you have the opportunity to cancel as if your move had hit the opponent (or jump, if you used a normal attack); however, the opponent is unable to cancel. If you're able to react quickly enough (or perhaps OS) to cancel into an invulnerable move, you'll typically always win. Many players choose to use Moon Drive, as it's easier to perform on reaction. Otherwise, you can usually jump, either to Shield or to dodge the attack. Visual explanation here and here.
Moon Skill (Special) Clash Frames — Clashes during startup frames of a Moon Skill during Moon Drive, or a charged special move.
- Clashes with normals, specials, and Moon Skills. EX moves are more complicated
- Invincible moves are not exempt
- Moon System specific mechanics
One of the several powerups granted to a player during Moon Drive is that, whenever they use a Moon Skill, the startup gains clash frames, allowing them to be used to bulldoze through opponent's moves. Note that this lasts for a maximum of 11 frames, so slower Moon Skills do have a period of vulnerability. Unlike normal clash frames, special clash frames are able to clash through Moon Skills, invincible moves (including Shield Counters), and EX moves. However, note that EX moves beat Moon Skill clash if the EX move was performed after the Moon Skill started, making EX reversals a reliable answer to opponent's Moon Skills.
When neutralized by special clash, the attacker's options are the same as on normal clash, i.e. any action performable on hit (and jump, for normals). There are two significant differences in the case of Moon Skill clash, however. Firstly, Moon Skills cannot be cancelled on shield and are fully punishable; this makes jump cancel shield a significantly more appealing option, although only when given enough time for jump startup. Secondly, given that the opponent is already in Moon Drive, they cannot counter if you use your own Moon Drive, giving you a reliable and easy punish, albeit at a cost.
When Moon Skill clash occurs, a significant portion of the remaining Moon Gauge is spent, and a moderate amount of blue health is restored. In the case where this consumes the last of the Moon Gauge (ending Moon Drive), then the clash armour will end, and any subsequent hits will result in a counter hit instead of a clash.
In addition to Moon Skills, there are a select few chargeable special moves which also have clash frames, notably Mash 236[B] and Saber 214[X]; these function similarly, being able to clash with EX moves and Moon Skills, but don't obey any of the Moon-Skill specific mechanics outlined above.
Hitbox Clash — Clashes when the hitboxes of both players' attacks collide. Both players can cancel.
- Normals and specials can only clash with other normals and specials, Moon Skills and EX moves can only clash with other Moon Skills and EX moves
- Projectiles and invincible moves are exempt
- Special moves can't be jump cancelled
Hitbox clashes occur when two opposing hitboxes overlap. Unlike how it works in most fighting games, this will even occur if your hitbox connects with the opponent's hurtbox - as long as it is touching another hitbox, the attack will clash. This type of clash can be cancelled as if your attack got blocked, although all normals can still always be jump cancelled. Very importantly, unlike clash frame-type clashes, both players have the opportunity to cancel after a hitbox clash, so there's rarely any one option that can guaranteed win.
- Moon Skills and EX moves can only Hitbox Clash with other Moon Skills and EX moves.
- Projectiles and invulnerable moves (including Shield Counters) are unable to Hitbox Clash
Cancelling obeys the following hierarchy:
- Anything that can be normal cancelled can also be special cancelled.
- Anything that can be special cancelled can also be EX cancelled.
- Anything that can be EX cancelled can also be Moon Drive/Arc Drive cancelled.
In practice, this leads to several 'tiers' of cancelability: standard normals can be cancelled into anything, most command normals can be cancelled into anything except normals, (non-EX) specials can be cancelled into anything except normals and specials, and EX moves can only be cancelled into Moon Drive or Arc Drive.
- Grounded A normals and most standard special moves can be cancelled on whiff. For A normals, this only works at the beginning of a string.
- Moon Skills and EX moves cannot be cancelled on whiff, except sometimes into jump.
- Moves with startup invincibility can only ever be cancelled on hit, not on block or whiff.
- Grounded normals cannot be jump cancelled on block. They can be jump cancelled on hit, but only once per combo.
- Air normals can be jump or airdash cancelled on block or hit, provided you have a double jump or airdash available and the air normal is jump cancellable.
Refer to the character wiki pages for the specifics of each move's cancel options.
Characters cannot be thrown during blockstun, nor for 8 frames after blockstun, wakeup, or grounded hitstun. Shielding forfeits throw protection.
Throw vs. Strike
If a Strike and a Throw (Command or not) are to connect on the same frame, the strike will always win, even if the throw reaches the opponent's hurtbox.
Air Throw vs. Strike
Air Throws follow the same rules listed above, but are more likely to be beaten out due to having no startup, being active frame 1. If a strike and an Air Throw are to connect on the same frame, the strike will always win, even if the throw reaches the opponent's hurtbox.
Throw vs. Throw and Air Throw vs. Air Throw
If two throws (Grounded or Airborne) connect on the same frame, whoever doesn't have Sprite Priority will tech.
Throw vs. Command Throw
Command Throws are throw invulnerable from frame 1 up through their active frames, thus if a Regular Throw and Command Throw are to connect on the same frame, the Command Throw will win.
Magic Circuit, often just shorted to "Meter", "Bar", or "Gauge", is a meter that goes up to a maximum of three bars, four if you have lost a round an enter Awakening.
Behind the scenes though, Magic Circuit is actually a value that goes between 0 and 30000 or 0 and 40000, depending on whether or not you're in Awakening. You can think of 11966 as 119.66%, but really this invisible decimal point only really makes the difference in scenarios where you really want to build as much meter as possible in a combo, or give an exact meter gain for your combo.
Earning Magic Circuit Offensively
All of the following offensive actions give you Magic Circuit, an equivalent defense-oriented list can be found in the Defense section.
- Hitting the opponent by any means.
- Having your attack blocked by the opponent.
- Having your attack shielded.
- Activating Moon Drive.
- Utilizing Moon Charge.
The precise way one earns Magic Circuit in combos is still being datamined/researched, a user by the name of how has made a calculator that is fairly accurate. You can get the values required to use the calculator ingame with this (PC).
Using Magic Circuit
EX Edge moves (commonly called supers) are always mapped to the C version of a special move and require one bar of Magic Circuit to use. These are typically powered up versions of the special move they share the input of and vary heavily by character. EX Edge moves also grant one Moon Icon on hit, tying into the Moon Gauge system.
Arc Drives require three bars of Magic Circuit to use and are generally high damage combo enders. They can be used as a reversal, but they are also generally quite slow.
Last Arcs require four bars of Magic Circuit, which requires you to lose a round beforehand in a typical First to 2 match. Last Arcs will also remove awakening from your character, resetting your maximum amount of meter back to three bars. Last Arcs deal heavy damage and have a long cinematic upon success. Activating a Last Arc with ABCD will start it with a blockable attack, but Shielding in Blood Heat will activate Last Arc no matter where the opponent was or what state they were in.
Note that Heat and Blood Heat are considered Defensive Magic Circuit uses and are in the Defense section.
When you use an EX Edge, Arc Drive, or Last Arc, you enter a state called Meter Penalty, which cuts meter gain by a flat amount, in addition none of the above moves gain meter on hit or block.
- Meter penalty from EX moves and Arc Drive cuts your meter gain by roughly 75% (The precise penalty is per-move).
- Meter penalty Post-Heat/Blood Heat cuts your meter gain by roughly 60%.
- Meter penalty from a (whiffed or blocked) raw Last Arc cuts your meter gain by roughly 90%, though strangely the penalty is decreased to a roughly 80% cut if you do raw Last Arc while in blood heat.
- Meter penalty lasts 300 frames or 5 seconds from the moment Superflash begins.
- This means most EX moves used for knockdown effectively don't suffer meter penalty due to the long knockdown.
- It also means that all Last Arcs and Arc Drives don't suffer meter penalty on hit, and some Arc Drives don't even suffer Meter Penalty on block/whiff due to extended animations (Aoko Aozaki's Severe Break Slider, for example).
Offensive Option Selects
If you don't know what an option select is, check the Glossary page for it before reading on.
An equivalent page for Defensive Option Selects can be found here.
Hitstop Option Selects
Input: 2A > 2A+D (or A > D in general, either on its own or with any followup input)
Explanation: 2A > 2A will come out on block, and 2A > Shield will come out if the 2A whiffs (I.E. Heat Activation). With good timing, will even shield DPs. Other variants will have whichever other option you chose come out on block instead.
How to beat it: Use charged Heat. Vary the timing and situations where you use Heat to keep from being predictable. Backdash where applicable.
This OS allows you to counter wake up moon drive activation with your own via a delayed 5BC input (the so-called [redacted] option select), although this strategy is weak to throw.
Safe Jump + Anti-Heat OS
Explanation: Execute a safejump and plink to D shield. If j.C hits or is blocked, shield does not come out. Shield will come out if the j.C whiffs (I.E. Heat Activation, reversal DP), allowing for a punish.
How to beat it: Wakeup Backdash will make the safejump whiff and allow you to escape. Stand Shield the safejump for shield RPS